Preventing and punishing the steps to genocide:
A guide to Hate Violations in International Law
26 January 2021
This guide brings myriad provisions and mechanisms relating to hate-based human rights violations and international crimes into a single volume to support the work of human rights practitioners and activists.
It will enable human rights defenders to situate violations involving a 'bias intent' within a progression of hate, and to identify the relevant mechanisms available beyond their domestic legal systems.
While hate crimes are provided for as a concept in some national legal systems, the notion of bias-motivated violations has not translated into international human rights or international criminal law in a systematic way. Many provisions exist, but these are fragmented across different treaties, resulting in:
diverse definitions of protected groups;
diverse mechanisms requiring different notions of legal standing, admissibility, and other procedures; and
isolated incidents being reported without highlighting the 'bias intent', or wider patterns of discrimination or dehumanisation.